This video is sponsored by the all new Med
School Insiders website. Visit to learn more. You thought you were done after Medical School,
residency lasts anywhere from three to seven years in the US and is the final stage between
you and practicing medicine clinically as a fully trained doctor. Let’s go over medical school and residency
and see how they compare. What’s going on guys, Dr. Jubbal, Check out our new vlog channel for a behind
the scenes look at the life of a doctor. Link in the description below. The first key aspect to understand is that
in medical school, you are in school. You’re a student, and you pay tuition to earn
your MD. In Residency, you’re working a job. Congrats, you’re now a doctor, but you still
need to hone your craft before you’re fully licensed, board-certified and can practice
on your own without supervision. During the first two years of medical school,
you primarily learn in the classroom through didactics and smaller group, in the last two
years, you are on your clinical rotations where you learn how to apply principles to
patient care, tune your ability to work in teams and practice your bedside manner. In residency, you’re no longer a student. You’re now the doctor with real responsibility. You take care of your patients and are ultimately
the one responsible for their care. All residents require an attending physician
to overlook and ensure patient safety. As the years progress however, you are expected
to be more independent and rely less and less on this attending supervision. By the end of residency, you should be ready
to take care of patients on your own out in the real world. As for the length, Medical school is generally
four years. Many students do however opt to take an additional
year to conduct research or earn another degree such as a master’s. Residency is highly variable in length and
it actually just depends on your specialty. Generally, surgical specialties are longer. For example, the longest is Neurosurgery at
7 years, although certain programs are eight years because of a mandatory research year. I matched into plastic surgery which is the
second longest at six years although a few programs also require a mandatory research
year extending that to seven. Internal medicine and pediatrics are on the
shorter end, each at three years. While almost all residences fall within the
three to seven years, certain sub specialties do require additional training in fellowship,
which is essentially part two of residency. Next, let’s talk about grading and evaluation. While many medical schools are transitioning
to a pass/fail grading system for the first two years, it is ultimately still insanely
competitive to get into certain specialties. For example, plastic surgery has the highest
average Step1 score, which hovers around the low 250s. Getting the 90th percentile on Step 1 makes
you only an average plastic surgery applicant. And the second two years are your clerkship
years, which are generally graded on a honors Pass/fail system or some variation of the
sort. If you want to go into something competitive
like plastic surgery, dermatology or orthopedic surgery, you’ll need to work your butt off
to earn an honors grade. Clinical grades are usually on a curve so
that only a small percentage of the class can earn them. Meaning, you have to outshine your colleagues. In this regard, Medical School is much more
stressful than residency. In residency, the pressure to outperform your
peers is an order of magnitude lower. There are no grades. You’ll take a yearly in-service exam specific
for your specialty and you’ll be evaluated by your attendings. But overall, it’s much less high stakes. Now, let’s talk about the cost and finances. The most recent figures place the average
medical school graduate debt at approximately one hundred and ninety thousand dollars. That’s right, nearly two hundred thousand
dollars in debt to be a doctor. This includes both college and medical school
loans. So I have good news and bad news about residency. The good news is that hey, you’ll be making
money so you can start paying off your loans. The bad news is that you’ll probably be making
minimum payments and accruing significant interest since residency salaries are usually
around fifty to sixty thousand dollars per year. Now, I want to introduce my friend and special
guest Dr. David Hindin. He is in his last year of general surgery
residency and also has an excellent YouTube channel. Link in the description below. As someone who has been in residency for several
years, he knows a thing or two about the differences between medical school and residency. Hey guys, Dr. David Hindin here. Next, let’s talk about your work-life balance. One of the biggest differences is how your
schedule and time are structured. In med school you’ve classes many of which
you can skip and watch online or get notes from a friend and later you’ve rotations where
let’s be honest, if you need to leave early or take the day off for personal reasons,
it’s almost always allowed. But once you reach residency, your free time
is no longer totally under your control. You receive a schedule of when you’re expected
to be at the hospital, whether this is for a daytime shift or 24 hours shift and that
is where you must absolutely be. You aren’t just required by your residency
contract, you have patients whose lives and well-being depend on you. You’ll start to discover that your time at
the hospital doesn’t always end exactly on schedule the way a class would. If I’m operating on an emergency trauma patient
and my shift is over, I don’t leave the operating room, I stayed to finish the surgery and wait
until care has been transitioned. And then come the differences in classroom
testing; in med school I remember having constant tests but in residency, evaluations are much
more informal. An intern might finish a surgery and the attending
might say “great job, but next time make sure not to pick up the needle with the forceps”. All of these are ways to ultimately help a
resident improve their skills and clinical judgment. And finally, there are standardized tests. So, in med school, you’ll take Step 1, Step
2CK and Step 2CS. In residency, you’ll just take Step 3 then
a yearly exam known as the in-service and finally, a formal licensing exam at the end
of your training known as the board’s exam. At the end of the day, the most Important
difference is that being a resident is the first time in your life that you are taking
care of patients as their own doctor. It can be stressful, tiring, and even frustrating,
but most importantly – being a resident is incredibly rewarding. You’ve spent years and years of studying
and hard work – first to get into a good college, then to get into medical school and
finally to match into a strong residency program. Residency is the culmination of all of that
hard work. This is the moment you’ve been waiting for
– you’re finally becoming that doctor you’ve always dreamed of being. Thank you doctor Hindin. Again, you can find a link to his channel
down in the description below. For those of you interested in getting into
either medical school or residency, check out the all new Med School Insiders website. We have the resources and tools to help you
maximize your chance of success. If you like our videos, you’ll love the exclusive
blog post written by top medical students and doctors from across the country. Subscribe to the insider newsletter for exclusive
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service, period. For a limited time, use the coupon, earlybird
to get $25 off your purchase of $100 or more. Offer expires April 30th. Visit to learn more. Now that we have a video on college versus
medical school and on medical school versus residency, I would love to hear your thoughts
on how all three compare. What are you excited about in each Step and
what are you the most apprehensive about. Leave your comments down below and I will
do my best to respond. Thank you all so much for watching and shout
out to my Patreon supporters that helped make videos like these possible. If you liked the video, make sure you press
that like button. Hit Subscribe and the notification icon if
you have not already and I will see you guys in that next one.